What is a mammogram?

Female radiologist reviews mammogram results with senior female patient.

A mammogram is a digital X-ray image of your breast used to find and diagnose breast disease. A mammogram may be done if you have breast problems such as a lump, pain, or nipple discharge. A mammogram is also done as a screening test if you don’t have breast problems. It can check for breast cancers, noncancerous or benign tumors, and cysts before they can be felt.

A mammogram can’t prove that an abnormal area is cancer. But, if a mammogram shows an area in your breast that may be cancer, a sample of breast tissue will be removed. This is called a biopsy. Your provider may remove the tissue by needle or during surgery. The tissue will be checked under a microscope to see if it is cancer.

A mammogram uses a low dose of radiation.

What are the different types of mammograms?
How is a mammogram done?
What conditions does a mammogram show?
Who should get a screening mammogram?
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